Most houses around Chimala had thatched roofs, like the one above. The houses were built with mud bricks which the people made themselves. Cooking was done in the middle of the house over an open fire. The open fires burned many children. The smoke-filled houses caused respiratory problems for some. The people were very poor and not well nourished, though 99% were well fed. They were mostly farmers. Most houses had small storage buildings for corn, their principle crop.
Some people would live in amazingly small houses.
The houses varied from region to region. Near the larger cities the houses had tin roofs.